奎拉斯
Jean-Guihen Queyras
奎拉斯的演奏就如同呼吸,⋯⋯他的琴技能讓他輕易地展現音樂性、揉塑音樂,給予每首作品獨特的個性,⋯⋯光與影的變化,以及伴隨而來的弦外之音,一直是奎拉斯音樂藝術的本質,⋯⋯他拉奏時,能讓滿座的聽眾寂靜無聲,並且目瞪口呆。奎拉斯能夠在他的琴弓裡帶入宇宙之聲。

- Christophe Huss, Le devoir, Montréal, dec 2010

奎拉斯是當今樂壇公認聲譽最卓越的大提琴家之一,他的演出獨特而多樣化,他的音樂視野沒有邊際,除了頻繁與國際著名樂團以及指揮的合作之外,他也是一位優異的室內樂演奏者與獨奏家。

奎拉斯與世界許多優秀的樂團合作過,包括愛樂管弦樂團、巴黎管弦樂團、NHK 交響樂團、東京交響樂團、費城愛樂、蘇黎世音樂廳管弦樂團、萊比錫布商大廈管弦樂團、布達佩斯特節慶管弦樂團、瑞士羅曼德管弦樂團、尼德蘭愛樂;也與布魯根、赫比希、伊凡費雪、赫爾維格、貝洛拉維克、克努森、諾靈頓等指揮合作。在許多古樂合奏團巡迴演出時,包括弗萊堡巴洛克室內樂團、柏林古樂團,都曾邀請奎拉斯一起演出,而奎拉斯2004年即與柯隆古樂團於卡內基廳演出。

奎拉斯的演出曲目極為廣泛,包括許多當代音樂作品,例如費德萊的大提琴協奏曲就是由奎拉斯世界首演(史拉特金指揮法國國立管弦樂團),還有艾米的大提琴協奏曲(東京交響樂團)。奎拉斯也首演與灌錄了曼托瓦尼的大提琴協奏曲(薩爾布魯根廣播交響樂團)、修勒的《風之眼》(巴登巴登與弗萊堡 SWR 交響樂團),以及夏瑞爾的大提琴協奏曲。

奎拉斯經常受邀為駐廳藝術家,包括烏特瑞斯特的凡登堡音樂廳、阿姆斯特丹的皇家大會堂、根特的音樂廳。自 2010/11 樂季起,他擔任漢堡室內樂團、鳴聲合奏團的駐團音樂家,與他們在漢堡的萊斯廳、柯隆愛樂廳、巴黎的北站劇院、維也納音樂廳以及阿姆斯特丹的皇家大會堂密集演出。此外,他同時也接下尼德蘭愛樂的駐團獨奏家一職。

奎拉斯特別聚焦於無伴奏大提琴獨奏的曲目,藉以清晰展現這項弦樂器獨特的唱法與令人印象深刻的力量。這些特質使得奎拉斯去安排一套以巴赫的無伴奏大提琴組曲為主,交雜著他委託六位作曲家(庫塔克、哈維、望月京、艾米、諾達拉、費德萊),請他們依照巴赫的每一首組曲去譜寫一首回應該組曲的當代音樂作品一同演出,這個計劃的名稱為「六首組曲,六首回聲」。

奎拉斯於 2008 年首度在倫敦逍遙音樂節演出,曲目是海頓的C大調協奏曲,同也也在愛丁堡音樂節演出。他固定合作的音樂家包括梅尼可夫、薩洛、伊莎貝拉.佛絲特,也曾經是阿康多四重奏的大提琴家。奎拉斯在 harmonia mundi 唱片公司灌錄許多著名的錄音,2008 年他灌錄了巴赫無伴奏大提琴組曲,獲得歐洲樂壇一片讚賞(法國音叉雜誌的當月推薦與金叉獎、音樂世界的年度大獎),之後他與薩洛發行一張德布西與普朗克的專輯,也獲得法國音叉雜誌的年度唱片大獎,另外還有一張「 21 世紀的大提琴協奏曲」專輯也頗有好評。先前著名的錄音還包括舒伯特的阿貝鳩奈奏鳴曲與魏本、貝爾格作品集、德弗札克的大提琴協奏曲(貝洛拉維克指揮布拉格愛樂)、使用古樂器演奏孟恩的大提琴協奏曲(弗萊堡巴洛克管弦樂團),這個獨特的巴洛克版本獲得《獨立報》與《衛報》的高度讚揚。

奎拉斯也是法國現代樂集的大提琴家,他們曾在 DG 共同灌錄過李格替的大提琴協奏曲(由布列茲指揮),獲得了留聲機雜誌的當代音樂大獎。奎拉斯也灌錄了杜替耶的大提琴協奏曲《相隔如此遙遠》與布列茲的《訊息梗概》,同樣獲得留聲機雜誌的當代音樂大獎。2002 年 11 月,多倫多市的布列茲與顧爾德協會頒給奎拉斯「國際顧爾德獎」。

奎拉斯是弗萊堡高等音樂學校的大提琴教授,也是 Rencontres Musicales de Haute-Provence 音樂節藝術總監。目前奎拉斯使用的大提琴為 1696 年由 Gioffredo Cappa 所製作的樂器,自 2005 年 11 月起由 Mécénat Musical Société Générale 贊助使用。

"Queyras performs as he breathes…His technical ease allows him to play with the music, to knead it, giving a particular character to each work... The alternation of shadow and light, assumption and allusive asides is the essence of Queyras’ art...A packed house listened to him, gobsmacked, and in absolute silence. Queyras speaks of the world… he brings the universe to the end of his bow."

Jean-Guihen Queyras enjoys an enviable reputation as a musician of exceptional versatility and integrity. His musical horizons are seemingly boundless and he is in great demand both as a soloist with international orchestras and conductors, a chamber musician and as a solo performer.

He has performed with many of the world’s great orchestras including The Philharmonia, Orchestre de Paris, NHK Symphony, Tokyo Symphony, Philadelphia, Tonhalle Zürich, Leipzig Gewandhaus, Budapest Festival Orchestra, Orchestre de la Suisse-Romande and Netherlands Philharmonique, under the baton of conductors such as Franz Brüggen, Günther Herbig, Ivan Fisher, Philippe Herreweghe, Jiří Bělohlávek, Olivier Knussen and Sir Roger Norrington. He is a regular soloist with several early music ensembles such as Freiburg Baroque and Akadamie für Alte Musik Berlin and he made his Carnegie Hall debut in New York with Concerto Köln in March 2004.

His extensive repertoire incorporates a number of contemporary works and he has given several world premieres including Ivan Fedele’s cello concerto (Orchestre National de France, Leonard Slatkin) and Gilbert Amy’s concerto (Tokyo Symphony Orchestra at Suntory Hall, Tokyo). He has also premiered and recorded Bruno Mantovani’s concerto with the Saarbrücken Radio Sinfonieorchester and Phillippe Schoeller’s Wind’s Eyes with the SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg. He will be premiering a new cello concerto by Michael Jarrell in the 12/13 season, a co-commission by the orchestras in Utah, Lyon, Luxembourg and Suisse Romande.

Jean-Guihen is frequently asked to host artistic residencies. These have included projects in the Muziekcentrum Vredenburg in Utrecht, the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam and De Bijloke in Gent. Since the 2010/11 season, he has been “Artist in Residence” with the Hamburg-based chamber orchestra, Ensemble Resonanz, with whom he leads and plays several eclectic programmes in the Laieszhalle Hamburg, Köln Philharmonie, Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord Paris, the Konzerthaus Wien and the Muziekgebouw Amsterdam. This residency has recently been extended to include the 2012/13 season. Furthermore, he will be soloist in residence of the Netherlands Philharmonic for the seasons 2011-12 and 2012-13.

Jean-Guihen’s particular focus on repertoire for solo cello, which articulately demonstrates the exceptional narrative and expressive force of the monodic instrument, led him to devise and perform several series of concerts featuring the Suites by J.S Bach alongside contemporary works and he commissioned six composers (Kurtag, Harvey, Mochizuki, Amy, Nodaïra & Fedele) to write an ‘echo’ to each of the six Bach Suites for solo cello, in a project called ‘Six Suites, Six Echos’.

He made his BBC Proms debut to unanimous acclaim (Haydn in C) in 2008 and appears regularly at the Aldeburgh Festival. His regular chamber music partners include the pianists Alexander Melnikov and Alexandre Tharaud and the violinist Isabelle Faust. He is a member of the Arcanto Quartet with Tabea Zimmermann, Antje Weithaas and Daniel Sepec, and performs regularly with Zarb specialists Kevan and Bijan Chemirani.

Jean-Guihen has made several successful recordings for harmonia mundi and, following the success of his much anticipated recording of Bach’s complete solo Suites in 2008 for which he received immediate acclaim (Diapason d’Or and CD of the month in Diapason, CHOC du Monde de la Musique etc), he has released two further recordings; a Debussy-Poulenc CD with pianist Alexandre Tharaud, which was awarded the Diapason d’Or de l’Année in 2008 and ‘Cello Concertos of the 21st Century’, released last year. Previous CDs include Schubert’s ‘Arpeggione’ alongside works by Berg and Webern (again with Alexandre Tharaud), Dvořák’s cello concerto with the Prague Philharmonia under the baton of Jiří Bĕlohlávek) and Haydn and Monn’s cello concertos performed on a period instrument with the Freiburger Barockorchester, praised in both The Independent on Sunday and the Saturday Telegraph as the definitive baroque version.

Jean-Guihen was the solo cellist of the Ensemble Intercontemporain, with whom he recorded the Ligeti Cello Concerto for Deutsche Grammophon, conducted by Pierre Boulez (Gramophone Contemporary Music Award). He recorded Dutilleux’s Tout un Monde Lointain for Arte Nova/BMG and Boulez’s Messagesquisse for Deutsche Grammophon (Gramophone Contemporary Music Award).

In November 2002, Jean-Guihen Queyras received the City of Toronto Glenn Gould International Protégé Prize in Music, awarded to him by Pierre Boulez and the Glenn Gould Foundation, and was recently made ‘Instrumental Soloist of the Year’ at the French Classical Music Awards as well as ‘Artist of the Year’ by the readers of the Diapason magazine.

Jean-Guihen Queyras is Professor at the Musikhochschule in Freiburg, Germany and one of the Artistic Directors of the ‘Rencontres Musicales de Haute-Provence’ which take place in Forcalquier in July each year.

He has played a cello made by Gioffredo Cappa in 1696, on loan from Mécénat Musical Société Générale since November 2005.